Description of the ProjectThis project offers a searchable online bibliography of the German-Jewish emigré author Else Lasker-Schüler (1869-1945) in RefWorks database format. In contrast to existing bibliographies in print or on the internet, the user can call up and enter data. Users (including researchers and archives) are requested to submit new data to the bibliographers. This will provide a continual updating of the current state of research, which can collect worldwide results in a central place and make them readily accessible. By including the catalogue numbers it would be conceivable to make the card catalogues various archives in the WWW accessible and to create in this way a virtual Else Lasker-Schüler Archive.An open bibliography of this kind can only aim at providing a complete bibliography, which at this point is still lacking (even in printed form) through a cooperation among the various archives and research institutes that are scattered around the world.These include the Else Lasker-Schüler-Archiv in the Stadtbibliothek Wuppertal, the Else Lasker-Schüler Archive (Nachlass) at the Jerusalem National and University Library, the Deutsches Literaturarchiv Marbach, the Staatsbibliothek Berlin, the Stadtbibliothek Dortmund, the Stadt- und Landesbibliothek Hamburg, the Munich municipal archive, theater collections of the University of Cologne and the Free University of Berlin), the Zentralbibliothek Zürich, the Stadt- und Landesbibliothek Wien, the Leo Baeck Archive in New York, and the Beinecke Rare Book Library  at Yale University.In terms of content the current database will extend the limits of previous bibliogaphies, since it will offer the possiblity of including archive materials as well as making entire texts and audiovisual materials fully accessible. Included Literature, Content The bibliography includes publications dealing with Lasker-Schüler, mainly secondary literature, but also much of the primary literature, especially collections of her works and literature in translation. Listings of archive material and Lasker-Schüler's scattered publications during her lifetime, which are included in the Kritische Ausgabe, have not been included comprehensively here. Reviews of primary literature and dramatic performances have only been partially included thus far. The bibliography currently contains around 2404 entries (August 2011). All scholarly works through the year 2011, including scholarly reviews, are included, to the extent that the data was accessible to the bibliographers. Besides the catalogues of individual national libraries all specialized scholarly bibliographies were consulted (e.g. MLA; BDSL; Germanistik; English-, German-, and Japanese-language scholarly journal indexes; WorldCAT, Calvin N. Jones: The Literary Reputation of Else Lasker-Schüler: Criticism, 1901-1993 (Columbia S.C.: Camden House 1994); Markus Hallensleben: Else Lasker-Schüler: Avantgardismus und Kunstinszenierung (Tübingen: Francke 2000). In addition, sources that could be located on the internet were included in order to make musical settings, films, and other multimedia works on Lasker-Schüler accessible. If any hard-to-find titles are nonetheless missing, we kindly request that they be submitted to Markus Hallensleben.All entries have been marked – to the extent that they were available to the editors – with keywords (descriptors) and classification according to reference type. If these categories were not evident, information from other sources was used. Keywords were occasionally imported from other databases and corrected when necessary. A listing of content and links, which will correspond to what is typically found in printed bibliographies, is in preparation.  The use of keywords and reference types will allow researchers to find the materials most useful to them: e.g., all scholarly publications relating to Die Wupper, or all reviews of performances of  Die Wupper, or a combination. Or one could, for example, search for all works in the English language that deal with Lasker-Schüler's lyric poetry. Searches by keywords, author, year, type of publication, title, publisher, or language, (to mention the most important) are possible singly or as part of a simplified general search. (See Instructions).The open framework of an online bibliography makes the expansion or modification of the keyword catalogue possible according to need. There are plans to include annotations and commentary as well in the Abstract and Notes fields. In comparison to traditional bibliographies, use of the material will clearly be open to more possibilities, since, for example, new directions in research or new terminology will be able to be considered. This project contains a comprehensive bilingual documentation (German/English) to assure the widest possible utility.
SoftwareIn the beginning, the references were collected and entered in an EndNote database.RefWorks is used to place the EndNote database on the web and to allow users to conduct searches. Unfortunately, the software migration in 2008 caused a number of imperfections, mostly field-code related. See the Instructions for comments on its peculiarities and for hints on the most successful use.Users can now directly import references into their own collections. Individual titles can then be called up by the user in a variety of standard bibliographical forms, including MLA style (6th ed.). Output styles are editable as well, and up to 50 references can be printed or saved digitally. Participants, Support The project was carried out in cooperation with the following universities, institutes, and colleagues: 
Dr. Calvin N. Jones , University of South Alabama, Dept. of Foreign Languages and Literatures   
Dr. Markus Hallensleben , University of British Columbia, Dept. of Central, Eastern, and Northern European Studies Much of the support for this project was provided by the University of South Alabama, where the server was located until Spring 2008. Jeff Davidson of the Computer Services Center provided technical assistance. The update for 2005 was made possible by the Hampton Fund of the University of British Columbia, with the assistance of Jakub Kazecki. Future updates will occur on a sporadic basis due to time and funding constrains. Questions, Comments, SuggestionFor any questions, comments, or suggestions, please contact Markus Hallensleben, Department of CENES, UBC Vancouver, Canada.Please submit new data entries by email. Other Links  
Else Lasker-Schüler Gesellschaft e. V. (Wuppertal) 
Photo credits: The book covers on these pages contain Lasker-Schüler's own illustrations to the Gesamtausgabe of her works published by Cassirer in Berlin, 1920. Courtesy Deutsches Literaturarchiv, Marbach am Neckar. © Calvin Jones and Markus Hallensleben,108,115,101,32,76,97,115,107,101,114,45,83,99,104,195,188,108,101,114,32,66,105,98,108,105,111,103,114,97,112,104,121&enc=y Keywords.html Instructions.html Instructions.html shapeimage_2_link_0shapeimage_2_link_1shapeimage_2_link_2shapeimage_2_link_3shapeimage_2_link_4shapeimage_2_link_5shapeimage_2_link_6shapeimage_2_link_7shapeimage_2_link_8shapeimage_2_link_9shapeimage_2_link_10shapeimage_2_link_11shapeimage_2_link_12shapeimage_2_link_13shapeimage_2_link_14shapeimage_2_link_15shapeimage_2_link_16shapeimage_2_link_17shapeimage_2_link_18shapeimage_2_link_19shapeimage_2_link_20shapeimage_2_link_21
 Else Lasker-Schüler Online Bibliography,108,115,101,32,76,97,115,107,101,114,45,83,99,104,195,188,108,101,114,32,66,105,98,108,105,111,103,114,97,112,104,121&enc=y shapeimage_5_link_0shapeimage_5_link_1